Hiking vs Trekking vs Mountaineering: What’s The Difference?

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Many people tend to use the words hiking, trekking, and mountaineering as if they were synonyms. They’re all similar in that you go out and walk in nature.

However, there are important distinctions between them as well.

what's the difference between hiking, trekking, and mountaineering? The differences between these 3 adventures are explained hereIt’s important to know the difference between hiking, trekking, and mountaineering so that you can choose the right adventure for you. Safety is also important. You want to choose an activity that suits both your physical abilities and skill level.

The easiest way to explain how these three activities are different is to distinguish each term and to categorize them by difficulty.


The easiest of the three is hiking. You walk on well-marked trails of easy to moderate difficulty, although this depends on where you’re hiking.

These are usually half-day to one-day tours, like these hikes in the German Alps. The terrain varies from relatively flat to steep.

It can be on mountains, along a coastline like hiking the Cinque Terre in Italy,  or on a popular trail like the last 100 km of the Camino de Santiago in Spain. Although the latter is a multi-day hike, the hiking is relatively easy with mild inclines.

Hiking is easier than trekking or mountaineering but it can still be challenging.

Related Reading: Best Trekking and Hiking Backpacks of 2020.


hiking in pacaya volcano guatemala
Courtesy of Edgar Betancourth

Most hiking tours usually finish in the same place that you started. Either from hiking a loop or returning the same way.

Some hikes have a different start and endpoints, so always check before you start. I

Hikes usually range between 2 to 8 hours. But having said that, you can also hike as long as you want. I’ve had very long days of 14-hour hikes.

Needless to say, longer hikes are tough physically so you need to ensure that you’re in good shape before embarking on one.

Besides the length, the elevation gain of the hike also plays a huge role in determining how difficult the hike is. A very general rule of thumb is that you can hike 400 m (~1312 ft) of elevation gain per hour. That’s dependable on how steep the slope is and the difficulty of the terrain but it’s a general guideline.

For hiking tours, you need minimal equipment compared to trekking and mountaineering. You can find a list of what you need for a day hike here. Always be sure to bring lots of water!

You can find 5 Day Hikes in Guatemala that I recommend and Laurel’s favourite hikes in the German Alps.

If you’re new to hiking, start with shorter, flatter hikes and work your way up from there. Also, if you’ve never hiked before it may seem difficult the first few hikes that you do. But stick with it. It gets easier.

And you’ll be surprised at how quickly you progress, especially if you’re doing additional cardio workouts between hiking. It’s important to find a balance between challenging yourself but not overdoing it.

The other thing to be aware of is that the first 15-20 minutes of hiking is often the worst until you get into a breathing rhythm. It can be tempting to think it’s too difficult and to quit when your lungs feel like they’re on fire but commit to hiking for at least 30 minutes. Then see how you feel.

Once you find your breathing rhythm, it gets easier and becomes more enjoyable.

Related Reading: Best Trekking Poles for 2020.


Trekking is between hiking and mountaineering regarding difficulty. Although it’s more similar to hiking. The difference being that treks are longer than hikes.

When I say longer, it doesn’t mean that they take a couple more hours. These trips usually take two or more days.

This means that you will either have to camp (and bring all your food and equipment). A good example of this is the Trilogy. It’s a series of three volcanoes in Guatemala.

Alternatively, when trekking in some locations, you may have the option to stay at small lodges, mountain huts or even bed and breakfasts along the way.

For example, accommodations are available when you trek the Dolomites in Italy,  Tour du Mont Blanc, and the Italian Riviera. On other more remote trails like the Jordan Trail, you’ll need someone to set up a camp for you, or be self-sufficient.

Trekking is more challenging than hiking because you will be walking for multiple days in a row.

Related Reading: Gifts That Hikers Will Love

trekking in cuchumatanes mountain range guatemala
Courtesy of Edgar Betancourth

Treks usually start in one place and end in a different one. The distance can vary anywhere from ~40 km to several hundred kilometres away. Some of the most popular treks can take a couple of weeks to complete.

The Tour du Mont Blanc, for example, takes you around the second highest mountain in Europe. You’ll trek through France, Italy, and Switzerland. It’s typically done in 7 to 10 days. When trekking in the Dolomites you have lots of different options but we offer tours of 7 or 10 days.

Related Reading: Tour du Mont Blanc Packing List. This packing list also applies to other similar treks like the ones in the Dolomites.


Of the three, mountaineering is by far the most challenging. It’s a more technical variation of trekking that takes you to higher peaks. Often to ones that are over 5000 meters above sea level.

mountaineering in aconcagua argentina
Courtesy of Edgar Betancourth

These are also multi-day trips that require a lot of previous physical and technical training. You need more equipment than with hiking or trekking. And you’ll also need to know how to use it properly.

For example, you must know how to climb on ice with crampons. You also need to know how to use an ice axe. And how to safely cross huge cracks on the ice.

Not to mention how to survive snowstorms, and how to walk on glaciers. And if you slip, how to rescue yourself with an ice axe.

In addition, in some locations, you need to be strong enough to be able to endure long hours of ascending with low levels of oxygen.

Hiking and Trekking Reading Recommendations

And when you can’t be on a mountain, here are some books that will make you feel like you are:

Trekking Beyond: walk the world’s epic trails. A stunning hardcover photographic journey to the world’s most iconic walking destinations

America’s Great Hiking Trails. Hardcover coffee table book covering Appalachian, Pacific Crest, Continental Divide, North Country, Ice Age, Potomac Heritage, Florida, Natchez Trace, Arizona, Pacific Northwest, New England.

Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills is a good introduction to mountaineering if you’re looking to get started.

Into Thin Air, which is a personal account of the Mount Everest disaster of 1996.

Thru-Hiking Will Break Your Heart: An Adventure on the Pacific Crest Trail. Ditching the city for the wilderness; walking from Mexico to Canada, against all odds.

Related Reading: 64 of the Best Adventure Books Ever Written.

My Hiking and Trekking Journey

So far I have gone hiking and trekking all over Guatemala and some other places in Central America.

I love it so much that I’ve decided to start preparing for mountaineering. I can tell you that all three of these outdoor adventures are amazing I love each of them for different reasons.

Hiking is my favourite getaway for those days when I don’t have much time.

I enjoy trekking on long weekends when I want to go to a nearby volcano. Or trek to three of them like I did with the Trilogy Tour and do some camping.

Mountaineering is already proving to be quite an exciting challenge, even the preparation for it is a lot of fun.

Related Reading: Day Hiking Packing List

Which do you prefer, hiking, trekking or mountaineering?

Let me know in the comments below.

Lourdes Profile

Lourdes is a soon to be lawyer from Guatemala with the mission to explore each corner of the country. Her favourite activity is hiking along with exploring mountains, forests, caves, volcanoes and all that the region has to offer. Her goal is to reach as many summits around the world as she can. You can also find her on Facebook.





what's the difference between hiking, trekking, and mountaineering? The differences between these 3 adventures are explained here

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25 thoughts on “Hiking vs Trekking vs Mountaineering: What’s The Difference?”

  1. Nice post. I love hiking and trekking. I live in Scotland and hike our ‘Munros’ (a mountain in Scotland over 3000 feet); I trekked the Annapurna Circuit in October 2012, and I’m going back to Nepal this October (2017). Can’t wait! Happy travels…

    • @Raymond, Lucky you, I love hiking in Scotland, hiked the West Highland Way in September and love it. Great to hear that you’re going back to Nepal, beautiful country with kind people. Enjoy!

  2. Nice clarification for the difference between mountaineering and trekking. The pictures are great and you have indeed made this sound like a lot of fun. The outdoors are absolutely beautiful.

  3. This indeed is an eye-opener. I never knew there was a difference like this. From your own explanation now, it would mean that these outdoor activities have similar gears and contrasting ones. Whats your take on that?

  4. thanks for the explanation.
    I’m an English student and I only want to understand the difference but I loved the explanation.


  5. This is a a really difficult area for definitions – lots of grey.
    I can’t call myself climber as i don’t do much technical stuff – too old, too fat – wish i’d started serious stuff earlier.
    I’m probably more of a hiker although some of these hikes can be very challenging physically with lots of ascent (although as the years pass it’s the descent that is most challenging).
    I’ve done Mera Peak and Aconcagua – these are serious challenges that require you to get the acclimatisation right – sometimes i feel like a mountaineer (frostnip etc) but deep down i’m just a hill climber.
    Does it matter?

    • @Andy – Agreed, lots of grey. I think it’s important to help people know what they’re getting into. I.e. a beginner with no experience shouldn’t be doing a mountaineering trip unless it’s an Intro to Mountaineering Course.

  6. Great post, Laurel. Thank you for the clarifications. I was wondering for ages what are the differences between hiking and trekking ( don’t laugh ) 🙂

  7. I’ve been passionate about trekking for years now, and spent a week per year traveling all over the world looking for the best trails and mountain lodges. I find it to be just the right level of difficulty for me, and all the destinations I’ve visited so far have been breathtaking. I’m considering Snowshoe mountain next as it’s so close to home!

    • @Ivy Great to hear and that sounds like a wonderful way to spend a week each year! I’m also a big fan of snowshoeing but so far the longest I’ve done is a two-day trip. Let me know how you like it.

  8. Great post! Enjoy your wonderful journey in the mountains. I love hiking and trekking as well but for now, I enjoy it in my country, the Philippines.

  9. Thanks for explaining the difference between all three synonyms of which most of the people get confuse. From childhood I loved to explore the nature and so always wondering to forest along with the villagers. when I came to city for education then I came to know the thing which I like most is called Hiking and trekking. This hiking, trekking give us the immense feeling which we cant explain. From that day I started hiking and trekking and also want to do mountaineering. Rather than going to a specific pic or a spot, I like to cover or go through the range hills which I am doing.

    Great feeling to share with you.

  10. I stumbled upon this article while I was doing a research on a similar topic. I have to admit that I learned a ton of new things with this awesome article. I know the feeling when you are out hiking in the mountains surrounded by all the amazing scenery. I have to say that I’m fairly new to hiking and I am glad that I live in Bulgaria. We have some amazing places that you can visit like the High Peaks and Lakes of the Rila and Pirin or the Rhodope mountains. Anyway, thank you for the great post.

  11. Just finished hiking in Glacier National Park and Yellowstone. Love this article and found it after I overheard someone on my plane that was going to Kathmandu for 3 weeks of trekking. Unfortunately Going to the Sun road was partially closed so we didn’t get the Highline Trail w/ Grinnel Glacier in but we managed to hike Mt. Brown. As a first timer I was overzealous… this hike kicked our butts, in a good but very tiring way. Definitely take suggestions like “not for beginners” seriously. But it was amazing. A round trip hike of 10.2 miles with a 4k ft elevation gain (topping out at around 7500 ft) the views were glorious. Yellowstone has a lot of good hikes for beginners and intermediates.

    Any trekkers have good suggestions for state side trekking? This is my next goal after tackling some of the tougher hikes GNP and YNP had to offer. (Mt Brown and Mt. Washburn)

  12. Thanks for sharing your thoughts and experiences! Cool article. Have done outdoor stuff too – EBC, Kilimanjaro, Annapurna circuit, etc but can’t wait to use crampons and ice axe.

  13. This is very detailed. Thank you very much for sharing the differences of both. I was actually planning to go on a hike or even trek however, this pandemic made me changed plans. I hope this is all over.

  14. Thanks for your explanation! I live in Brazil and here there are beautiful and challenging places to go hiking, trekking and mountaineering. Have you ever been to Brazil?


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